Gutters are your foundation's primary defense against pooling water. Gutters capture rainwater or snow melt as it runs off of a structure's roof and channels to a downspout. The downspout safely deposits the water a safe distance from your home or into a more extensive drainage system. Without the gutters, the water would simply fall to the ground near the foundation or run down the side of the building
The slightly sloped gutter channels water from the roof into a downspout, which may connect to a broader drainage system below the soil surface like a French drain or exit above ground. To effectively direct water from the structure, the downspout should discharge the roof water at least 10 feet away from the structure.